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  1. Kant: autonomia ou estética compromissada?

    This article analyses the influence of Kant on conceptions and definitions of modern literature and art in publications by Lyotard, Kothe, Weber and Luhmann. It is argued that central issues in these publications, such as artistic autonomy, the... mehr

     

    This article analyses the influence of Kant on conceptions and definitions of modern literature and art in publications by Lyotard, Kothe, Weber and Luhmann. It is argued that central issues in these publications, such as artistic autonomy, the sublime and the concept of L’art pour l’art, are adopted directly from Kant’s philosophical work and still serve as paradigms in the discussion of origin and status of modern social structure and its art production. Der Artikel beschäftigt sich mit dem Einfluss von Kant auf Konzepte der modernen Kunst, wie sie etwa in Arbeiten von Lyotard, Kothe, Weber oder Luhmann formuliert werden. Zentrale Punkte sind die Begriffe der Autonomie, des Erhabenen sowie L’art pour l’art als Paradigmen innerhalb der Diskussion über Beginn und Entwicklung der künstlerischen und sozialen Moderne.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Kant, Immanuel; Autonomie; Moderne
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    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  2. A "beleza livre" e a arte não-figurativa

    This paper is an "interested" reading of "The Critique of Judgement" – "interested", because, unlike what has become usual in recent decades, it strives to disassociate the Kantian concept of "free beauty" from any interpretation of it as an early... mehr

     

    This paper is an "interested" reading of "The Critique of Judgement" – "interested", because, unlike what has become usual in recent decades, it strives to disassociate the Kantian concept of "free beauty" from any interpretation of it as an early defense of abstract art. It is also "interested" because, instead of exposing (once more) the framework of the "Kritik der Urteilskraft", it tries to show how the Third Kantian Critique can be taken as a basis for something that was not part of its original purpose: reviewing the idea of mimesis itself. For that, the understanding of the Kantian sublime (das Erhabene) will be decisive: understood initially as one of the modalities of aesthetic experience, the other being beauty, the sublime progressively distances itself from the latter. If beauty and the sublime are to be thematized independently of "determining judgement", in which the properties of the object impose themselves upon the subject, the modalities of aesthetic experience suppose, on the contrary, the primacy of the subject. This implies gradations: from the experience of harmony propitiated by beauty up through the "negative pleasure" of the sublime, both poles through which reality is reworked by the subject. At the pole of beauty, "representation" of reality still plays a prominent role. At the pole of the "negative pleasure" of the sublime, "representation" is subordinated to the power of "presentation". However, both kinds of experience, the one of beauty and the other of the sublime, belong to the same field of aesthetic experience, because in both of them the subject reworks – does not discard – what comes to him from the outside: it will be necessary to understand "Vorstellung" always as an experience in which the exterior will be transformed by the subject. That is, the representation of the Third Critic will always be an effectual representation. In the sublime as much as in "free beauty", the metamophosis of the exterior by the subject achieves its maximum level without meaning that the external pole – that we usually call "world" or "reality" – disappears. It will thus be necessary to rethink the concept of mimesis in order to understand the metamorphosis of the world performed by radicalization of the aesthetic experience through "free beauty". Der Artikel unternimmt eine "interessierte" Interpretation der "Kritik der Urteilskraft". Interessiert, weil – gegen die dominante Tendenz der letzten Jahrzehnte – versucht wird, den Kantischen Begriff der freien Schönheit von der vorweggenommenen Verteidigung der abstrakten Kunst abzutrennen. Interessiert auch, weil – anstatt von Neuem den Aufbau der "KdU" nachzuzeichnen – gezeigt werden soll, dass die dritte Kritik etwas fundieren kann, was nicht so beabsichtigt war: eine Überprüfung der Mimesis. Hierzu ist das Verständnis des Kantischen Erhabenen entscheidend: ursprünglich eine Modalität der ästhetischen Erfahrung zu seinem Gegenstück, der Schönheit, entfernt sich das Erhabene in steigendem Maße von der letzteren. Wenn Schönheit und Erhabenes außerhalb des "bestimmenden Urteils" thematisiert werden, wo sich die Eigenschaften des Objekts dem Subjekt aufdrängen, setzen die Modalitäten der Erfahrung im Gegenteil den Primat des Subjekts voraus, sich steigernd von der durch die Schönheit vermittelten Erfahrung der Harmonie bis zur Erfahrung der negativen Lust am Erhabenen. Zwischen diesen Polen arbeitet das Subjekt die Realität durch. Am Pol der Schönheit spielt die "Vorstellung" der Realität noch eine herausragende Rolle. In der "negativen Lust" am Erhabenen ordnet sich die "Vorstellung" der Gewalt der "Darstellung" unter. Aber die zwei Arten der Erfahrung – des Schönen und des Erhabenen – gehören demselben Feld ästhetischer Erfahrung an, denn in beiden arbeitet das Subjekt das von außen Herantretende durch, anstatt es zu verwerfen. Mit anderen Worten, "Vorstellung" ist immer zu verstehen als eine Erfahrung, in der das Äußere vom Subjekt transformiert wird. D. h., die "Vorstellung" in der dritten Kritik ist immer eine wirkende Vorstellung. Sowohl im Erhabenen als auch in der "freien Schönheit", erreicht die vom Subjekt bewirkte Metamorphose des Äußeren ihre höchste Intensität, ohne dass der äußere Pol – was wir gewöhnlich die "Welt" oder "Realität" nennen – verschwände. Es ist daher nötig, den Begriff der Mimesis neu zu formulieren, um sich die Metamorphose der Welt klarzumachen, die durch die Radikalisierung der ästhetischen Erfahrung mittels der "freien Schönheit" bewirkt wird.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Kant, Immanuel; Das Erhabene; Vorstellung; Darstellung; Abstrakte Kunst
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    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  3. Aspectos cognitivos da literatura Cognitive aspects of literature

    The article presents theoretical questions to be further developed in future research about the cognitive aspects of literature. The author considers the literary text to have a specific cognitive function that differs from the conceptual and... mehr

     

    The article presents theoretical questions to be further developed in future research about the cognitive aspects of literature. The author considers the literary text to have a specific cognitive function that differs from the conceptual and abstract thinking and offers to the readership models for human actions and for the perception of the world. O artigo apresenta uma reflexão teórica, a ser desenvolvida em futuras pesquisas, sobre os aspectos cognitivos da literatura. Considera-se que o texto literário possui uma função cognitiva específica, diversa do pensamento conceitual e abstrato, e oferece ao leitor modelos de ação humana e de percepção do mundo.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Literatur; Kognition; Literaturtheorie
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    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  4. A torção mimética do real : sobre a concepção freudiana da literatura The mimetic twist of the real : on Freud's concept of literature

    The objective of this paper is to make a reading of conceptual elements present in the Freudian view on poetry and literature, pointing out its problematic aspects, but also the relevant ones to the analysis of the aesthetic phenomenon. Initially, we... mehr

     

    The objective of this paper is to make a reading of conceptual elements present in the Freudian view on poetry and literature, pointing out its problematic aspects, but also the relevant ones to the analysis of the aesthetic phenomenon. Initially, we review briefly the significant points in the tradition of critical comments on Freudian aesthetic reflections, then comment on the text "Creative Writers and Day-Dreaming" (1908), in which we employ the comparison with themes and concepts in the "Poetics" of Aristotle and in the "Critique of Judgment" of Kant. In the last part we opposed some of the concepts presented in this first text to the article "The Uncanny" (1919), where we propose a reading that makes a contrast of the role and importance given to the aesthetic dimension in both texts. The entire trajectory is oriented to demonstrate the need to conceive of the aesthetic from the intertwining, from identity and difference, between the unconscious psychic field and its ways of actualization refracted by the imagistic-imaginary dimension. O objetivo do texto é fazer uma leitura de elementos conceituais presentes na concepção freudiana sobre a poesia e a literatura, apontando aspectos problemáticos, como também os que se mostram pertinentes para análise do fenômeno estético. Inicialmente, passamos brevemente em revista pontos significativos de comentários críticos às reflexes estéticas freudianas da tradição, passando então a comentar o texto "Der Dichter und das Phantasieren" (1908), em que nos serviremos da comparação com temas e conceitos presents na "Poética" de Aristóteles e na "Kritik der Urteilskraft" de Kant. Na última parte, contrapomos alguns conceitos presentes neste primeiro texto ao artigo "Das Unheimliche" (1919), em que propomos uma leitura que faz contrastar o papel e importância conferidos à dimensão estética em ambos os textos. Toda a trajetória está orientada para demonstrar a necessidade de conceber o estético a partir do entrelaçamento, da identidade e da diferença, entre o âmbito psíquico inconsciente e suas formas de atualização refratadas pela dimensão imagético-imaginária.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Freud, Sigmund / Der Dichter und das Phantasieren; Freud, Sigmund / Das Unheimliche; Literatur; Ästhetik; Fiktion
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    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  5. A configuração medial da literatura

    This article will provide a general look on modern literature as partially configured by medial history. It parts from the impact of Gutenberg’s invention on social differentiation and the romantic literary concepts, and then looks on photography as... mehr

     

    This article will provide a general look on modern literature as partially configured by medial history. It parts from the impact of Gutenberg’s invention on social differentiation and the romantic literary concepts, and then looks on photography as an important reference for the realistic aesthetics as well as the initial struggle of film against the domination of the traditional literary medium. It closes with a brief historical overview on what one may call precursors of the hyperlink in literary communication.

     

    Export in Literaturverwaltung
    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Literatur; Medien
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