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  1. Das "Spielgesicht" als poetisches Verfahren : Elemente einer verhaltensbasierten Fiktionalitätstheorie
    Erschienen: 26.03.2013

    Der Gedanke, dass Kunstverhalten ein Ausdruck menschlichen Spielverhaltens sei, entspricht einem alten Konsens in Philosophie und Geisteswissenschaften. Er hat erneute Plausibilisierung erfahren von Seiten der Evolutionspsychologie, die nicht nur das... mehr

     

    Der Gedanke, dass Kunstverhalten ein Ausdruck menschlichen Spielverhaltens sei, entspricht einem alten Konsens in Philosophie und Geisteswissenschaften. Er hat erneute Plausibilisierung erfahren von Seiten der Evolutionspsychologie, die nicht nur das Postulat vom menschlichen 'Spieltrieb' als einer angeborenen Eigenschaft auf festere Füße gestellt, sondern überdies auch eine Erklärung für die offenkundige Lust am Spielen geliefert hat. Kernthema meines Beitrags wird indes nicht diese allgemeine Parallele von Kunst und Spiel sein, sondern die spezifische Ausprägung des Spielerischen in einem bestimmten Typus von Literatur. Denn wenn es korrekt ist, dass sich die Lust am Lesen der Aktivierung angeborener Verhaltensprogramme durch literarische 'Attrappen' verdankt, dann stellt sich die Frage, welche Programme dies im Einzelnen sind.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Deutsch
    Medientyp: Teil eines Buches (Kapitel); bookPart
    Format: Online
    ISBN: 978-3-11-022143-5
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Fiktion; Literatur; Spiel
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    info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

  2. Objects of "empathy" : characters (and other such things) as psycho-poetic effects
    Erschienen: 26.03.2013

    In folk theories of art reception, readers and cinema audiences are said to experience fictional worlds vicariously 'through' characters, i.e. they 'identify' themselves with them, they partake in their experiences 'empathetically'. In the first... mehr

     

    In folk theories of art reception, readers and cinema audiences are said to experience fictional worlds vicariously 'through' characters, i.e. they 'identify' themselves with them, they partake in their experiences 'empathetically'. In the first section of my essay, I will argue that it is not character but focalization (point of view) which, on a fundamental level, guides our fictional experience, and I will exemplify several ways that characters (or similar ideas) can then in addition come into play. In the next two sections, I will discuss possible cognitive correlates of both the textual device of focalization and textual clues indicating ›persons‹. The aim is to show that what I call ›psycho-poetic effects‹ (that is, the mental representation of anthropomorphic instances) are best described as byproducts of various cognitive programs involved in the reception of narrative fiction. 'Empathy', as it is understood in the above mentioned folk theory of art reception, can then be analysed into individual algorithms of social cognition. And it can be differentiated, as is done in the last section, from other phenomena often confused with it, like emotional experience proper and emotional contagion. Also, I refer to the idea that mirror neurons provide the means to empathize with others, literary characters included. My general proposition is to revise and refine those concepts with the help of evolutionary theory and, thus, to hypothesize as cognitive correlates for textual features only programs specific enough to be correlated with a specific adaptive function which they may have performed in the process of human evolution.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Teil eines Buches (Kapitel); bookPart
    Format: Online
    ISBN: 978-3-11-023241-7
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Literarische Gestalt; Charakterisierung; Fokalisierung; Einfühlung; Literaturpsychologie
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    info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

  3. Style at the scale of the sentence

    We would study not style as such, but style 'at the scale of the sentence': the lowest level, it seemed, at which style as a distinct phenomenon became visible. Implicitly, we were defining style as a combination of smaller linguistic units, which... mehr

     

    We would study not style as such, but style 'at the scale of the sentence': the lowest level, it seemed, at which style as a distinct phenomenon became visible. Implicitly, we were defining style as a combination of smaller linguistic units, which made it, in consequence, particularly sensitive to changes in scale—from words to clauses to whole sentences.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Arbeitspapier; workingPaper
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Sammlung: Stanford Literary Lab
    Schlagworte: Worthäufigkeit; Stilistik; Satzanalyse; Digital Humanities; Englische Literatur
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    info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

  4. "Operationalizing": or, the function of measurement in modern literary theory
    Erschienen: 01.12.2013

    The concept of length, the concept is synonymous, the concept is nothing more than, the proper definition of a concept ... Forget programs and visions; the operational approach refers specifically to concepts, and in a very specific way: it describes... mehr

     

    The concept of length, the concept is synonymous, the concept is nothing more than, the proper definition of a concept ... Forget programs and visions; the operational approach refers specifically to concepts, and in a very specific way: it describes the process whereby concepts are transformed into a series of operations—which, in their turn, allow to measure all sorts of objects. Operationalizing means building a bridge from concepts to measurement, and then to the world. In our case: from the concepts of literary theory, through some form of quantification, to literary texts.

     

    Export in Literaturverwaltung
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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Arbeitspapier; workingPaper
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Sammlung: Stanford Literary Lab
    Schlagworte: Digital Humanities; Literaturtheorie; Tragödie; Dialoganalyse; Quantitative Literaturwissenschaft
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    info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

  5. Zwischen Wien und Bagdad oder wenn der ­شَرق Osten als شُروق Sonnenaufgang im Text auftaucht : Semier Insayifs Roman "Faruq"
    Autor*in: Babka, Anna
    Erschienen: 27.03.2013

    At the time when the East appears as sunrise in Insayif's novel, when it appears as Arabic word, as text image in the German text, memories gain contour in the same way as words do. It is all about words and memories in the text, it is about (not)... mehr

     

    At the time when the East appears as sunrise in Insayif's novel, when it appears as Arabic word, as text image in the German text, memories gain contour in the same way as words do. It is all about words and memories in the text, it is about (not) being able to speak, it is about losing language and memory, it is about writing, speaking and reciting within the realm of the in-between of languages and cultures. Emanating from the first-person narrator the text unfolds nuances and facets of life stories as textures of memories, as language- and sound tissues quasi. Referring to those poetic and rhetorical aspects of the text, I undertake a reading that is based on postcolonial and deconstructive approaches as well as on theories of memory. My reading tries to both react to the demands and specificities of Insayif's text in all of its various facets of betweenness as well as to fathom perspectives that might be significant for the 'Zeitenwende'.

     

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    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Deutsch
    Medientyp: Teil eines Buches (Kapitel); bookPart
    Format: Online
    ISBN: 978-3-7069-0621-0
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800)
    Schlagworte: Erinnerung <Motiv>; Insayif, Semier
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    info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess