Suchen in GiNDok

Recherchieren Sie hier in allen Dokumenten, die auf GiNDok publiziert wurden.

Ergebnisse für *

Es wurden 29 Ergebnisse gefunden.

Zeige Ergebnisse 21 bis 25 von 29.

Sortieren

  1. A "beleza livre" e a arte não-figurativa

    This paper is an "interested" reading of "The Critique of Judgement" – "interested", because, unlike what has become usual in recent decades, it strives to disassociate the Kantian concept of "free beauty" from any interpretation of it as an early... mehr

     

    This paper is an "interested" reading of "The Critique of Judgement" – "interested", because, unlike what has become usual in recent decades, it strives to disassociate the Kantian concept of "free beauty" from any interpretation of it as an early defense of abstract art. It is also "interested" because, instead of exposing (once more) the framework of the "Kritik der Urteilskraft", it tries to show how the Third Kantian Critique can be taken as a basis for something that was not part of its original purpose: reviewing the idea of mimesis itself. For that, the understanding of the Kantian sublime (das Erhabene) will be decisive: understood initially as one of the modalities of aesthetic experience, the other being beauty, the sublime progressively distances itself from the latter. If beauty and the sublime are to be thematized independently of "determining judgement", in which the properties of the object impose themselves upon the subject, the modalities of aesthetic experience suppose, on the contrary, the primacy of the subject. This implies gradations: from the experience of harmony propitiated by beauty up through the "negative pleasure" of the sublime, both poles through which reality is reworked by the subject. At the pole of beauty, "representation" of reality still plays a prominent role. At the pole of the "negative pleasure" of the sublime, "representation" is subordinated to the power of "presentation". However, both kinds of experience, the one of beauty and the other of the sublime, belong to the same field of aesthetic experience, because in both of them the subject reworks – does not discard – what comes to him from the outside: it will be necessary to understand "Vorstellung" always as an experience in which the exterior will be transformed by the subject. That is, the representation of the Third Critic will always be an effectual representation. In the sublime as much as in "free beauty", the metamophosis of the exterior by the subject achieves its maximum level without meaning that the external pole – that we usually call "world" or "reality" – disappears. It will thus be necessary to rethink the concept of mimesis in order to understand the metamorphosis of the world performed by radicalization of the aesthetic experience through "free beauty". Der Artikel unternimmt eine "interessierte" Interpretation der "Kritik der Urteilskraft". Interessiert, weil – gegen die dominante Tendenz der letzten Jahrzehnte – versucht wird, den Kantischen Begriff der freien Schönheit von der vorweggenommenen Verteidigung der abstrakten Kunst abzutrennen. Interessiert auch, weil – anstatt von Neuem den Aufbau der "KdU" nachzuzeichnen – gezeigt werden soll, dass die dritte Kritik etwas fundieren kann, was nicht so beabsichtigt war: eine Überprüfung der Mimesis. Hierzu ist das Verständnis des Kantischen Erhabenen entscheidend: ursprünglich eine Modalität der ästhetischen Erfahrung zu seinem Gegenstück, der Schönheit, entfernt sich das Erhabene in steigendem Maße von der letzteren. Wenn Schönheit und Erhabenes außerhalb des "bestimmenden Urteils" thematisiert werden, wo sich die Eigenschaften des Objekts dem Subjekt aufdrängen, setzen die Modalitäten der Erfahrung im Gegenteil den Primat des Subjekts voraus, sich steigernd von der durch die Schönheit vermittelten Erfahrung der Harmonie bis zur Erfahrung der negativen Lust am Erhabenen. Zwischen diesen Polen arbeitet das Subjekt die Realität durch. Am Pol der Schönheit spielt die "Vorstellung" der Realität noch eine herausragende Rolle. In der "negativen Lust" am Erhabenen ordnet sich die "Vorstellung" der Gewalt der "Darstellung" unter. Aber die zwei Arten der Erfahrung – des Schönen und des Erhabenen – gehören demselben Feld ästhetischer Erfahrung an, denn in beiden arbeitet das Subjekt das von außen Herantretende durch, anstatt es zu verwerfen. Mit anderen Worten, "Vorstellung" ist immer zu verstehen als eine Erfahrung, in der das Äußere vom Subjekt transformiert wird. D. h., die "Vorstellung" in der dritten Kritik ist immer eine wirkende Vorstellung. Sowohl im Erhabenen als auch in der "freien Schönheit", erreicht die vom Subjekt bewirkte Metamorphose des Äußeren ihre höchste Intensität, ohne dass der äußere Pol – was wir gewöhnlich die "Welt" oder "Realität" nennen – verschwände. Es ist daher nötig, den Begriff der Mimesis neu zu formulieren, um sich die Metamorphose der Welt klarzumachen, die durch die Radikalisierung der ästhetischen Erfahrung mittels der "freien Schönheit" bewirkt wird.

     

    Export in Literaturverwaltung
    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Kant, Immanuel; Das Erhabene; Vorstellung; Darstellung; Abstrakte Kunst
    Lizenz:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  2. Hermenêutica e anti-hermenêutica : Friedrich Schlegel e Schleiermacher

    A fortuna crítica de Friedrich Schlegel é rica em alusões a sua relação com Schleiermacher. Ambos conviveram em Berlim por volta de 1800, época em que Schlegel editava a "Athenäum" e em que Schleiermacher ainda não escrevera seus principais textos... mehr

     

    A fortuna crítica de Friedrich Schlegel é rica em alusões a sua relação com Schleiermacher. Ambos conviveram em Berlim por volta de 1800, época em que Schlegel editava a "Athenäum" e em que Schleiermacher ainda não escrevera seus principais textos sobre hermenêutica. É possível conceber Friedrich Schlegel como um predecessor de Schleiermacher? Na tentativa de responder a essa pergunta, vamos nos deter sobre três textos, todos eles publicados na "Athenäum": o ensaio sobre Lessing ("Über Lessing", 1797), o ensaio sobre o Wilhem Meister de Goethe ("Über Goethes Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre", 1798) e o ensaio da ininteligibilidade ("Über die Unverständlichkeit", 1800). In Friedrich Schlegel’s criticism, one can find many references to his relationship to Schleiermacher. Both were closely related by the time they in Berlin around 1800, when Schlegel edited the "Athenäum" and Schleiermacher had not yet written his most important texts on Hermeneutics. But can we consider Schlegel an early influence on Schleiermacher’s thought by that time? In order to answer this question, we will focus on three of Schlegel’s essays of that time: "Über Lessing" (1797), "Über Wilhem Meisters Lehrjahre" (1798) and "Über die Unverständlichkeit" (1800).

     

    Export in Literaturverwaltung
    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Schlegel, Friedrich von; Schleiermacher, Friedrich; Hermeneutik
    Lizenz:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  3. Communication and language in Niklas Luhmann's systems theory

    This article investigates the function and reality of language in Niklas Luhmann's systems theory. How can one interpret the systems-theoretical assumption that language is based on communication? Luhmann describes language as a dynamic media/form... mehr

     

    This article investigates the function and reality of language in Niklas Luhmann's systems theory. How can one interpret the systems-theoretical assumption that language is based on communication? Luhmann describes language as a dynamic media/form relationship, which is able to couple the social and psychological system. This structural coupling, which constructs consciousness and language as two autonomous systems, raises problems if one defines language from a cognitive point of view. This article discusses these problems and aims to develop assumptions and questions within the systems-theoretical approach. O presente artigo investiga a função e realidade da linguagem na teoria dos sistemas de Niklas Luhmann. Como se pode interpretar a suposição sistêmico-teórica de que a linguagem é baseada na comunicação? Luhmann descreve a linguagem como uma relação dinâmica entre meio e forma, a qual é capaz de ligar o sistema social e psicológico. Essa conexão estrutural, que constroi a consciência e a linguagem como dois sistemas autônomos, gera problemas quando se define a linguagem do ponto de vista cognitivo. Este artigo discute tais problemas e pretende desenvolver suposições e questões a partir da própria abordagem sistêmico-teórica.

     

    Export in Literaturverwaltung
    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Englisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Luhmann, Niklas; Systemtheorie; Kommunikation; Medium; Form
    Lizenz:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  4. Aspectos cognitivos da literatura Cognitive aspects of literature

    The article presents theoretical questions to be further developed in future research about the cognitive aspects of literature. The author considers the literary text to have a specific cognitive function that differs from the conceptual and... mehr

     

    The article presents theoretical questions to be further developed in future research about the cognitive aspects of literature. The author considers the literary text to have a specific cognitive function that differs from the conceptual and abstract thinking and offers to the readership models for human actions and for the perception of the world. O artigo apresenta uma reflexão teórica, a ser desenvolvida em futuras pesquisas, sobre os aspectos cognitivos da literatura. Considera-se que o texto literário possui uma função cognitiva específica, diversa do pensamento conceitual e abstrato, e oferece ao leitor modelos de ação humana e de percepção do mundo.

     

    Export in Literaturverwaltung
    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Literatur; Kognition; Literaturtheorie
    Lizenz:

    Creative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 3.0

  5. A configuração medial da literatura

    This article will provide a general look on modern literature as partially configured by medial history. It parts from the impact of Gutenberg’s invention on social differentiation and the romantic literary concepts, and then looks on photography as... mehr

     

    This article will provide a general look on modern literature as partially configured by medial history. It parts from the impact of Gutenberg’s invention on social differentiation and the romantic literary concepts, and then looks on photography as an important reference for the realistic aesthetics as well as the initial struggle of film against the domination of the traditional literary medium. It closes with a brief historical overview on what one may call precursors of the hyperlink in literary communication.

     

    Export in Literaturverwaltung
    Hinweise zum Inhalt: kostenfrei
    Quelle: GiNDok
    Sprache: Portugiesisch
    Medientyp: Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
    Format: Online
    DDC Klassifikation: Literatur und Rhetorik (800); Literaturtheorie (801)
    Schlagworte: Literatur; Medien
    Lizenz:

    Veröffentlichungsvertrag für Publikationen