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Ergebnisanzeige "The Voice of the People. The European Folk Revival, 1760-1940"
RessourcentypKonferenzen, Tagungen, Kolloquien
TitelThe Voice of the People. The European Folk Revival, 1760-1940
BeschreibungCentre for Nineteenth-Century Studies
University of Sheffield

in association with the School of English, Department of Germanic Studies, Department of History and National Centre for English Cultural Tradition

International Interdisciplinary Conference,
supported by the British Academy and the Folklore Society

Thursday-Saturday, 6-8 September, 2007
Humanities Research Institute (HRI), University of Sheffield
Gell Street, Sheffield, GB



Convenors: Timothy Baycroft, Joan Beal, Matthew Campbell, Hamish Mathison, Michael Perraudin, Marcus Waithe, Jonathan Woolley

The rediscovery and revalidation of the `culture of the people´ was a defining feature of artistic and intellectual life in the societies of nineteenth- and late eighteenth-century Europe, and it underpinned many of the key ideological tendencies of the times. Romantics and pre- Romantics articulated their sense of the inadequacy of cosmopolitan rationalism by espousing the cultural productions of ordinary (uneducated, rural) people as repositories of pre-rational truth and authentic experience. The nostalgic imitation, collection and study of folksong, folktale, folk custom and folk belief which this engendered became a process of linguistic, historical and mythical identity-formation with powerful political consequences; and the new nationalism which increasingly destabilised the European political order over the course of the nineteenth century gained its legitimacy from such activity. At the same time, radical movements from the late eighteenth century onwards found sustenance in evidence of the cultural autonomy and superiority of ordinary people, in customs and festivals, songs and story-telling. Nineteenth-century socialism did not seek to root itself in resuscitated systems of myth, but its mythologisation of the proletariat had a related intellectual impetus. The European nineteenth century, it can be said, was the age of the people and peoples, of masses and nations; and the cultural expression of this identity was the folk revival.

The proposed conference aims to encompass the span of the European folk revival from its beginnings in the middle of the eighteenth century to its cataclysm, the war of the peoples, World War One. The revival´s British emergence from 1760 in works such as Macpherson´s Ossian or Percy´s Reliques will be traced. Its reception and philosophical development in Germany by J.G. Herder and its further elaboration by British, German and French Romanticism will be examined. The folkloristic or popular-cultural dimensions both of nineteenth-century socialist utopias and of the diverse national movements of nineteenth century Europe will be observed. Offerings from all relevant branches of political, social, cultural, linguistic and literary history have been accepted, and analyses of modern re- revivals have also been welcomed.

Papers will be 25 minutes long.



8.30am-9.00am Registration session


9.15am-11.00am PLENARY:

Panel 1 (Room 1) The Folk Revival and its Uses
1. Renata Schellenberg (Mount Allison Univ., Sackville, Canada)
The Impact of Ossian: Herder´s Literary Legacy
2. Hamish Mathison (Univ. Sheffield)
On Robert Burns
3. Simon Dentith (Univ. Reading)
The Battle of the Ballads and the Contested National Affiliations of Popular Poetry in Britain

11.00am-11.30am Coffee/Tea; Registration continued

11.30am-1.15pm PARALLEL SESSIONS:

Panel 2(a) (Room 1) Folklore and the North
1. Terry Gunnell (Univ. Reykjavik)
Tales of "Hempen Homespuns": the Politics of the Early Norwegian Folktale Collection as Seen in the Introductions of Jörgen Moe and George Dasent
2. Andrew Wawn (Univ. Leeds)
Sabine Baring-Gould: an English Grimmean in Iceland
3. Vesa Kurkela (Sibelius Academy, Helsinki)
Sorrowful Folksong and Finnish Nationalism

Panel 2(b) (Room 2) Folklore and Socialism
1. Caroline Ruth Sumpter (Queen´s Univ. Belfast)
Happy Ever After? The Fairy Tale and the End of History in the 1890s Socialist Press
2. Marcus Waithe (Univ. Sheffield)
From Folklore to Folk Law: William Morris and the Popular Sources of Legal Authority
3. Ruth Kinna (Univ. Loughborough)
Willliam Morris, Medievalism and History

1.15pm-2.15pm Buffet Lunch, sponsored by The Folklore Society, with talk (1.40pm) by Juliette Woods, Hon Secretary, The Folklore Society
1.15pm-2.15pm Registration continued

2.15pm-4.00pm PARALLEL SESSIONS:

Panel 3(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Music
1. Eberhard Fritz (Altshausen, Germany)
From German Folksong to "Volksmusik". Friedrich Silcher - his Inspiration and Influence
2. Jacqueline Leung (McGill Univ., Canada)
A Cry for Lithuania: Alfred Cortot´s Edition of Chopin´s Fourth Ballade
3. Anna G. Piotrowska (Jagiellonian Univ., Kraków)
Discovering Gypsy Music (and its Consequences)

Panel 3(b) (Room 2) Folksong Revival in England
1. David Gregory (Athabasca Univ., Alberta)
Pioneers, Friends, Rivals: Social Networks and the Birth of the First Folksong Revival
2. Lucy Neal (Univ. Winchester)
Mary Neal and the Espérance Club Experiment: Refreshing the Folk Revival Narrative
3. Paul Cowdell (Univ. Sheffield)
Cecil Sharp and the Witting and Unwitting Class Warriors of English Folksong Scholarship

4.00pm-4.30pm Tea/Coffee

4.30pm-6.15pm PARALLEL SESSIONS:

Panel 4(a) (Room 1) Simplicity and Artifice
1. David Atkinson (Univ. Aberdeen)
From Literary Anonymity to Ballad Revival: Textual Authority and the Invention of Tradition
3. Werner Michler (Univ. Vienna)
Volks- und Kunstgattungen im 18. Jahrhundert/Folk and Art Genres in the 18th Century
3. Per Ahlander (Univ. Edinburgh)
Marjory Kennedy-Fraser and her Transformation of the Songs she Collected into Art Song

Panel 4(b) (Room 2) Drama, Festival and Pilgrimage
1. Bertram Troeger (Univ. Jena)
People on their Way: Medieval Pilgrimage Trails in Nineteenth-Century Britain
2. Scott Freer (Univ. Leicester)
The Dionysian Folk Spirit and "The Birth of Tragedy"
3. Allison Thompson (Pittsburgh)
"To the Maypole Haste Away": May Day Festivals in American Women´s Academies and Colleges, 1830-1930

6.30pm-7.30pm Reception in Sheffield Town Hall. Welcome by Lord Mayor of Sheffield.
Drinks and snacks
8.00pm- Informal dinner at East One Noodle Bar, West One Plaza, Division Street/Fitzwilliam Street, Sheffield


9.00am-11.15am PLENARY:

Panel 5(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Ireland
1. Lesa Ní Mhunghaile (Mary Immaculate College, Limerick)
Charlotte Brooke´s Reliques of Irish Poetry (1789)
2. Brian Ó Conchubhair (Univ Notre Dame, Indiana)
The Irish Revival and the Language of the Folk
3. Angela Bourke (Univ. College Dublin and Magdalene College, Cambridge)
Vernacular Culture in the Short Stories of Patrick Pearse
4. Matthew Campbell (Univ. Sheffield)
Origins of the Harp in Moore, Maclise, Yeats and Joyce

11.15am-11.45am Coffee/Tea

11.45am-1.30pm PARALLEL SESSIONS:

Panel 6(a) (Room 1) Folklore, France and Germany
1. Déborah Cohen (European Univ. Inst., Florence)
Staging Individuals from the Folk in Eighteenth-Century France: Ambiguities of a Minor and Ignored Literary Trend
2. David Hopkin (Univ. Oxford)
Meeting the People: the Relationship between Folklorists and Informants in Nineteenth-Century France
3. Detmar Klein (Univ. College Cork)
The Invention of Alsatian Folk-Lore in German-Annexed Alsace and its Use as a Politico-Cultural Weapon against the Germanizing Kulturpolitik of the German Empire (1898-1914)

Panel 6(b) (Room 2) Scottish Collectors
1. Sarah Dunnigan (Univ. Edinburgh)
Enchanting the Nation: Scottish Fairy Tale Collectors and Creators in the Early Nineteenth Century
2. Steve Gardham (Hull)
A Fresh Slant on the Case against Peter Buchan
3. Sara Hines (Univ. Edinburgh)
The National and International Folk Collections of Andrew Lang

Panel 6(c) (Room 3*) Folklore, Folksong and National Identity
1. Kristina Jaremko-Porter (Univ. Edinburgh)
A Reappraisal of Herder and the Latvian Voice
2. Krisztina Lajosi (Univ. Amsterdam)
Folksongs in Nineteenth-Century Hungarian and Romanian Culture
3. Madis Arukask (Univ. Tartu, Estonia)
The Estonian National Epic "Kalevipoeg" and its Selected Roots

1.30pm-2.30pm Buffet Lunch

2.30pm-4.15pm PARALLEL SESSIONS:

Panel 7(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Fairy-Tale
1. Catriona MacLeod (Univ. Pennsylvania)
The Salvage Arts: Clemens Brentano´s "Gockelmärchen" as a Project of Remaindering
2. Elisa Müller-Adams (Univ. Sheffield)
Father Rhine and his Daughter(s): Clemens Brentano´s "Rheinmärchen" (1811) and the Creation of a National Myth
3. Marilyn Pemberton (Univ. Warwick)
The Fairy Tales of Mary de Morgan

Panel 7(b) (Room 2) Language, Dialect, Music
1. Chloë Woolley (Manx Heritage Foundation)
"To collect and preserve from the oblivion": Manx Folk Music - Rescue and Revival
2. Jonathan Roper (Univ. Sheffield)
Pastors and the Vernacular
3. Breesha Maddrell (Univ. Liverpool)
To Speak or Not to Speak: Conflicting Aspirations within the Manx Language Society

Panel 7(c) (Room 3*) Folklore and Intellectual Life
1. David L. Cooper (Univ. Illinois, Urbana)
The Classical Form of the Nation: the Synthesis of Greek and Folk Forms in Czech and Russian Literature in the 1810s
3. Sally Hinton (Univ. Exeter)
The Impact of Studies into Folklore and Mythology on the Cambridge Apostles
3. Tatyana Buzina (Russian State Univ. for Humanities, Moscow)
Alexander Veselovsky and Alexei Remizov on Russian Folklore: the Gnostic Reinterpretation

4.15pm-4.45pm Tea/Coffee

4.45pm-6.30pm PARALLEL SESSIONS:

Panel 8(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Literature
1. Nick Groom (Univ. Exeter)
Why Bother Editing Percy´s "Reliques"?
2. Essaka Joshua (Univ. Birmingham)
"A greater fame than poets ever knew": John Clare and Common Fame
3. Michael MacDonald (Univ. Alberta)
Folksinger and Folksong in Walter Scott´s Novels

Panel 8(b) (Room 2) Folklore in Iberia
1. Simon Furey (Univ. Sheffield)
The Career of Palmira Jaquetti, Catalan Folksong Collector
2. Maria Teresa Cortez (Univ. Aveiro, Portugal)
Folklore and Education in Nineteenth-Century Portugal
3. J.J. Dias Marques (Univ. Algarve, Portugal)
The Oral Ballad as a Model for Written Poetry in the Portugese Romantic Movement: the Case of Costa e Silva's "Isabel ou a Heroina de Aragom"

7.30pm Informal Drinks Reception; followed 8.15pm by Conference Dinner, Tapton Hall
Dining Room; then entertainment by folk band


9.00am-10.45am PARALLEL SESSIONS:

Panel 9(a) (Room 1) Folklore and Germany
1. Michael Perraudin (Univ. Sheffield)
The Folk Revival and the Left in Literature of the German Vormärz, 1815-48
3. Felix Saure (Hamburg/Marburg)
The German "Volk" and its National Project: Wilhelm von Humboldt and Karl Friedrich Schinkel on a Cathedral of the Liberation
2. Riccardo Concetti (Università degli Studi di Perugia)
Die bosnische Wila: Zum Konnex von Folklore und Orientalismus bei Robert Michel/The Connection between Folklore and Orientalism in Robert Michel's Fiction

Panel 9(b) (Room 2) Into the Twentieth Century
1. Ilia Roubanis (School of Public Administration, Athens)
From the Reinvention of Classical Innocence to the "First People": on Banknote Iconography
2. Sasha Lozanova (Forestry-Technical Univ., Sofia)
The Relation between Folklore Tradition and National Identity in Modern Bulgarian Arts (up to Middle of the 20th Century)
3. Sandra Dolby (Univ. Indiana)
Reviving Nineteenth-Century Folk Heroes for 21st-Century School Children

10.45am-11.15am Coffee/Tea

11.15am-1.00pm PLENARY:

Panel 10 (Room 1) Folklore and Public Culture
1. Peter Blundell-Jones (Univ. Sheffield)
Architecture: from Gothic Revival to National Romanticism
2. Karen Daly (Univ. Sydney)
Folk Nostalgia, Mass Culture and the Political Aesthetic: Ruskin at the Crystal Palace
3. Angela Schwarz (Univ. Siegen)
The Regional and the Global: Folk Culture at World´s Fairs and the Reinvention of the Nation

1.00pm-1.30pm (Room 1) FINAL DISCUSSION

1.30pm- Buffet Lunch

2.30 Conference ends

For further information on locations/travel visit:

Quelle der BeschreibungInformation des Anbieters
KontaktdatenName/Institution:  University of Sheffield, Centre for Nineteenth-Century Studies 
Strasse/Postfach: Department of English Literature 
Postleitzahl: S10 2TN 
Stadt: Sheffield 
SchlüsselbegriffeKomparatistik (Kulturvergleich, Interkulturelle Literaturwissenschaft); Literatur 1770 - 1830; Literatur 1830 - 1880; Literatur 1880 - 1945
Klassifikation04.00.00 Allgemeine Literaturgeschichte > 04.03.00 Vergleichende Literaturgeschichte;
04.00.00 Allgemeine Literaturgeschichte > 04.04.00 Weltliteratur;
05.00.00 Deutsche Literaturgeschichte > 05.10.00 Literarische Volkskunde > 05.10.02 Volksdichtung. Volkserzählung;
05.00.00 Deutsche Literaturgeschichte > 05.10.00 Literarische Volkskunde > 05.10.08 Volkslied;
05.00.00 Deutsche Literaturgeschichte > 05.10.00 Literarische Volkskunde > 05.10.09 Volksschauspiel
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