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1. Jiddisch und jüdische Identität in Berlin um 1800. Der Sprachenkosmos in Isaak Euchels Aufklärungskomödie 'Reb Henoch'
"For Berlin's Jewish population, the time around 1800 was very much influenced by their advanced acculturation into the non-Jewish German middle class. On the linguistic level, the adoption of the German educational ideal meant a gradual shift from Yiddish to High German in all sectors of public and - after a time lag - of private life too. The Jewish Enlightenment philosophers, whose intellectual centre during that period was Berlin, hoped that a modern German and Jewish identity could be established though bilingualism in High German and modern Hebrew. They rejected Yiddish and thus contributed to its slow decline in German-speaking areas. In 1793, in the middle of a period of cultural and political turmoil, the Jewish Enlightenment philosopher Isaac Euchel (1756-1804) wrote his comedy 'Reb Henoch, oder: Woß tut me damit?' in which the use of different languages and idiolects (High German, Yiddish, German dialects, English, the broken German of foreigners etc.) serves to portray the [Information des Anbieters]   [mehr...]
http://www.berliner-klassik.de/berlinerklassik/publikationen/tagungsba... zum Anfang
2. Sprachbewußtsein durch Diglossie. Der Übersetzer Samuel-Henri Catel
"The following paper examines an individual case of linguistic fate at the end of the 18th century - that of the translator and journalist Samuel-Henri Catel. Here we are dealing with a speaker who consciously experienced and reflected on the diglossic situation in which he found himself. The two languages between which he lived are French as the language of his forefathers, the Huguenots, and German as the language of his everyday life and homeland. Historical roots versus regional rooting in the Diaspora? This constellation creates identity problems that I want to pursue in the first part of my paper. The linguistic dilemma of the Huguenot Catel represents the language situation confronting the third generation of Huguenots in Prussia and is resolved - in this individual case - in works that are culturally educational and that deal with methodological aspects of teaching language. I will devote the second part of my paper to this topic." [Information des Anbieters]   [mehr...]
http://www.berliner-klassik.de/berlinerklassik/publikationen/tagungsba... zum Anfang

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