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1. "Deutsche gründliche Kritik". Christian Jacob Kraus zu Pallas' 'Vergleichendem Glossarium aller Sprachen'
"On the instructions of Catherine the Great, the Berliner and natural scientist Peter Simon Pallas (1740-1811) compiled a comparative dictionary of the languages known at that time (2 volumes, Petersburg 1786/7-1789). The work comprises word lists that contain about 300 words (mostly nouns) translated from Russian into about 200 languages. Particularly in learned circles, Pallas's glossary met with great interest but also with criticism because of its methodological weaknesses. Christian Jacob Kraus (1753-1807), who taught at the University of Königsberg, wrote a review of the first volume concerning European and Asian languages for the 'Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung'. My paper aims to show how Kraus deals with the subject of his review, how he develops his conception of a scientifically sound comparison of languages within the framework of 'philosophischen Universallinguistik' (philosophical universal linguistics) (Kraus 1787) out of his criticism of Pallas, and thus presents a perfect [Information des Anbieters]   [mehr...]
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